KNU Workshop #07 - How to write a scientific paper

Submitted by siteadmin on Thu, 16/01/2020 - 01:14

Science can be thought of as the combination of three essential things: (1) a communal collection of knowledge (both facts/data and theories); (2) a method of evaluating the efficacy of scientific theories by comparing the predictions of those theories to observation/experiment; and (3) an attitude of skeptical inquiry and the belief that all scientific knowledge is provisional and subject to revision when confronted with new evidence.

Most scientific messages are very complex. To make them more simple to understand, you have to keep your audience in mind. Graphical abstract. Figures. Scanning. Attention. Steps such as visually amplifying your messages will raise the credibility of your work.

How to write a proposal in this workshop you are going to learn about: Steps to organising your manuscript. Prepare the figures and tables. Write the Methods. Write up the Results. Write the Discussion. Finalise the Results and Discussion before writing the introduction. Write a clear Conclusion. Write a compelling introduction. Write the Abstract. Compose a concise and descriptive Title.

Steps to organising your manuscript (Elsevier)

  1. Compose a concise and descriptive Title
  2. The well formulated Affiliations 
  3. Write the Abstract
  4. Select Keywords for indexing
  5. Write the Methods
  6. Write the Discussion Finalise the Results and Discussion before writing the introduction. This is because, if the discussion is insufficient, how can you objectively demonstrate the scientific significance of your work in the introduction?
  7. Write up the Results.
  8. Write a compelling introduction
  9. Write a clear Conclusion.
  10. Prepare the figures and tables.
  11. Write the Acknowledgements.
  12. Write up the References. 

At the end of the workshop, participants would have the knowledge on how to write a scientific paper and:

  1. How do you write a research paper for beginners?
  2. What is a scientific research paper?
  3. How do you start a body paragraph?
  4. How do you start an opening paragraph?

The participants will split into smaller groups of no more than 5 people to brainstorm ideas and build up steps for a strategy for writing a scientific paper. 

Please watch this 10 min video before attending the Workshop (

Please note that this Workshop is equally important for any Academic field and it is not necessarily concerning Engineering and Science. 

A Knowledge University International Workshop

By Prof Massoud Houshmand
Visiting Professor at Knowledge University

 Dr Arthur Saniotis
Department of Medical Laboratory Science (DMLS)

This workshop is arranged by KNU’s
Centre for Academic Research, Training and Activities (CART)

18th Feb 2020, at 13:00
KNU Main Library

Speakers’ Profile 

This is a dual scholar workshop and two of our scholars will host the workshop session.   

Prof Massoud Houshmand
Prof Massoud Houshmand

Prof Massoud Houshmand is an Iranian-Swedish Scientist with a PhD in Medical Molecular Genetic; Gothenburg University, Sweden. He is the head of the Genetic Diagnostic Lab, (Houshmand genetic lab) and a Faculty Member of the National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in Tehran, Iran. Prof Houshmand currently is a visiting

Prof in Department of Medical Laboratory Science (DMLS) at Knowledge University (KNU), Kurdistan Region of Iraq. He is the organiser of 22 National and International workshops and Seminar, winner of Best Iranian Researcher in Medical Genetic 2010, and winner of ISESCO prizes for Best Researcher in Biology in Islamic countries 2014. Prof Houshmand also is winner of Best Iranian Researcher 2015. He has 220 publications and 17 Books as well as Executive Publisher of Personalized Medicine Journal. Prof Houshmand is the founder of Noure Danesh University , a Genetic and Biotechnology Private University in Tehran, Iran.

 Prof Houshmand’s Google Scholar Profile is listing his research activities (Click to Access)

And the second host is;

Dr Arthur Saniotis
Dr Arthur Saniotis

Dr Arthur Saniotis from DMLS. He is a senior lecturer and researcher at KNU. He is co-author of the book The Dynamic Human (2016) as well as having published numerous publications in the medical and health sciences. He is a Visiting Research Fellow  at  The University of Adelaide, Australia, and an International member at the Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland. He has presented papers at international conferences and engaged with the media on science topics. His research interests include neuroscience, clinical anatomy, bioethics, and biological variation

Dr Saniotis’s Google Scholar Profile is listing his research activities (Click to Access)

Who can participate?

Participation in the workshop is open to all our members of staff, students and external guests with interest in this topic. Your attendance will be highly appreciated. Lets enjoy a relaxing session and learn something together.


About Knowledge University (KNU)

Knowledge University (KNU) is a private university located in the city of ErbilKurdistan Region of Iraq. KNU provides diverse higher education, research and consultancy to all its students via such programs as Engineering, Science, Law, Business, Economy and Teacher Education. KNU is also renowned for maintaining one of the best quality campuses in Iraq with green, sustainable program objectives and outcome throughout its activities. KNU encourages its academic community to seek knowledge, affirm skills and ensure excellence in their academic and professional achievements. KNU intends to expand its program and become a leading educational institute of science and humanities. Please visit our campus on your next visit to Erbil, the hub and capital city of Kurdistan Region of Iraq. 

How to get here

Knowledge University (KNU) is located in the immediate outskirts of Erbil, the capital city of Kurdistan Region of Iraq. As you are heading toward Kirkuk on Kirkuk Road, you will see KNU on your left hand side. 

Find us on the map at

Further Resources

If you would like to do self-studies on this topic please see below

  1. How to write a scientific paper
  2. How to Write a Good Scientific Paper


KNU Workshop #07 - How to write a scientific paper